We both found ourselves working on water-soluble polymers for oil recovery in the early 1980' s. Our previ ous backgrounds i nvo 1 ved the synthesi sand characteri zati on of hydrocarbon polymers for everythi ng from elastomers to plastics. As such, we were largely unprepared for the special difficulties associated with water soluble polymers in genera 1, and thei ruse in enhanced oi 1 recovery (EOR) , in parti cul ar. Oil patch applications have a jargon and technical heritage quite apart from that usually experienced by traditional polymer scientists. At that time, no books were available to help us "get up to speed" in the polymers for oil recovery field. Since then, there have been a number of symposia on this topic, but still few books, especially from the polymer (rather than the field-applications) perspective. Synthetic water soluble/swellable polymers have commercial importance in such application as water treatment, cosmetics, and foods. Yet, these polymers have not received the scientific/technological attention they deserve. The application of water soluble polymers to oil recovery has, in fact, highlighted the need for new water based materials, and a fundamental understanding of their structure and use. Interest has been spurred not only for the potenti a 1 economi c credi ts from enhanced oi 1 recovery and an augmented polymers business, but also by the challenge of designing water soluble polymers for harsh environments.
This sweeping study traces the development of water policy in the United States from the 19th century to the present day, exploring the role of legislation in appropriating access to water to the American people.
Consolidates difficult-to-locate documents on United States water policy
Covers topics as diverse as water doctrine, water rights, pollution control, wildlife conservation, invasive species regulation, and environmental damage mitigation
Describes the impact of climate change on water supply and safety
Focuses solely on the water issues affecting the United States
A futuristic approach in water management has been discussed in this descriptive book. It is estimated that there is nearly 1.4 billion km3 of water in this world but only about 3% (39 million km3) of it is available as fresh water. Furthermore, most of this fresh water is found as ice in the arctic regions, atmospheric water or deep groundwater. Since water is a source of life and is vital for all forms of life across the planet, its sustainable use is an extremely crucial issue. Water Management is the fundamental term employed for elucidating all the activities involved in managing the optimum use of the world's water resources. However, only a small percentage of fresh water available can be subjected to water management. It is still a huge amount, but the distinct characteristic of water is that unlike other resources, it is irreplaceable. This book describes an elementary analysis on several topics related to water management from across the globe. The topics elucidated in this book cover politics, recent models for water resource management of rivers and reservoirs as well as issues associated with agriculture. Growing water demands, water quality problems and water pricing have also been considered. Reputed scientists and experts from across the world have contributed descriptive information in this book. It covers a broad range of current issues, describing the current problems and illustrating the complexity of water management.
<b>Cutting-edge content and guidance from a data warehousing expert—now expanded to reflect field trends</b> <p> Data warehousing has revolutionized the way businesses in a wide variety of industries perform analysis and make strategic decisions. Since the first edition of <i>Data Warehousing Fundamentals</i>, numerous enterprises have implemented data warehouse systems and reaped enormous benefits. Many more are in the process of doing so. Now, this new, revised edition covers the essential fundamentals of data warehousing and business intelligence as well as significant recent trends in the field. <p> The author provides an enhanced, comprehensive overview of data warehousing together with in-depth explanations of critical issues in planning, design, deployment, and ongoing maintenance. IT professionals eager to get into the field will gain a clear understanding of techniques for data extraction from source systems, data cleansing, data transformations, data warehouse architecture and infrastructure, and the various methods for information delivery. <p> This practical <i>Second Edition</i> highlights the areas of data warehousing and business intelligence where high-impact technological progress has been made. Discussions on developments include data marts, real-time information delivery, data visualization, requirements gathering methods, multi-tier architecture, OLAP applications, Web clickstream analysis, data warehouse appliances, and data mining techniques. The book also contains review questions and exercises for each chapter, appropriate for self-study or classroom work, industry examples of real-world situations, and several appendices with valuable information. <p> Specifically written for professionals responsible for designing, implementing, or maintaining data warehousing systems, <i>Data Warehousing Fundamentals</i> presents agile, thorough, and systematic development principles for the IT professional and anyone working or researching in information management.
From the western United States to the Indian subcontinent, water issues have always been economic issues. Considered ubiquitous under the continents, groundwater varies considerably in depth, quality, accessibility, and availability. A unified discussion of groundwater and its economic importance, Groundwater Economics explores the application of economic evaluation and cost/benefit analysis for the use, protection, remediation and conservation of groundwater.
The book reviews the major economic uses of and demand for groundwater, provides an ecosystem context for resource withdrawals, discusses the application of economics to groundwater policy and decisions, and explores the economics of groundwater sustainability. It examines the legal basis for groundwater use and access, then addresses drinking water, irrigation, and waste disposal. The author considers micro- and macro-economic factors, cost-benefit tools, sustainability, transboundary considerations, climate change and policy evaluation, ease of policy implementation, and societal acceptance. He synthesizes key points into practical steps for future application, describing ways to evaluate the economics of groundwater use in the context of the larger ecosystem and the natural capital it provides.
The comprehensive approach taken by this book addresses a full range groundwater topics building on other supporting disciplines, rather than focusing solely on how to evaluate the economics of remediation of contaminated sites or of a single resource use. This multidisciplinary course is a more current way to address this complex issue, compared to the single-discipline approach that addresses groundwater as a physical resource on the one hand and its economics on the other. This unified approach presents an array of tools and factors for the evaluation of the economics of proposals for future groundwater use in relation to the ecosystem and its sustainability.
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