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The series Advances in Industrial Control aims to report and encourage technology transfer in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology impacts all areas of the control discipline. New theory, new controllers, actuators, sensors, new industrial processes, computer methods, new applications, new philosophies..., new challenges. Much of this development work resides in industrial reports, feasibility study papers and the reports of advanced collaborative projects. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of such new work in all aspects of industrial control for wider and rapid dissemination. The environmental aspects of all of our society's activities are extremely important if the countryside; the sea and wildernesses are to be fully enjoyed by future generations. Urban waste in all its manifestations presents a particularly difficult disposal problem, which must be tackled conscientiously to prevent long lasting damage to the environment. Technological solutions should be seen as part of the available options. In this monograph, the authors M. R. Katebi, M. A. Johnson and J. Wilkie seek to introduce a comprehensive technological framework to the particular measurement and control problems of wastewater processing plants. Of course the disposal of urban sewage is a long-standing process but past solutions have used options (disposal at sea) which are no longer acceptable. Thus to meet new effluent regulations it is necessary to develop a new technological paradigm based on process control methods, and this is what the authors attempt to provide.
We both found ourselves working on water-soluble polymers for oil recovery in the early 1980' s. Our previ ous backgrounds i nvo 1 ved the synthesi sand characteri zati on of hydrocarbon polymers for everythi ng from elastomers to plastics. As such, we were largely unprepared for the special difficulties associated with water soluble polymers in genera 1, and thei ruse in enhanced oi 1 recovery (EOR) , in parti cul ar. Oil patch applications have a jargon and technical heritage quite apart from that usually experienced by traditional polymer scientists. At that time, no books were available to help us "get up to speed" in the polymers for oil recovery field. Since then, there have been a number of symposia on this topic, but still few books, especially from the polymer (rather than the field-applications) perspective. Synthetic water soluble/swellable polymers have commercial importance in such application as water treatment, cosmetics, and foods. Yet, these polymers have not received the scientific/technological attention they deserve. The application of water soluble polymers to oil recovery has, in fact, highlighted the need for new water based materials, and a fundamental understanding of their structure and use. Interest has been spurred not only for the potenti a 1 economi c credi ts from enhanced oi 1 recovery and an augmented polymers business, but also by the challenge of designing water soluble polymers for harsh environments.
30 Delicious & Healthy Fruit Infused Water Recipes
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"...Drinking fruit infused water is the best way to hydrate yourself whilst boosting your intake of essential vitamins for health, detox, weight loss and internal cleansing..."
30 Fruit Infused Water Recipes tells you exactly how to create your own fruit infused water combinations step by step. It's so easy to get started doing this and you probably have everything you need in your kitchen already!
Take a look at the BENEFITS of drinking Fruit Infused Water:
You take in important vitamins. Ever heard that when you cook vegetables, you shouldn't leave them to soak first? And when you have boiled them, you should keep and consume the water as gravy? This is because that a process known as osmosis happens when fruit, or vegetables are added to water. The important nutrients contained within them are transferred to the water they are soaking in.
Makes you feel fuller, so you don't at as much, leading to weight loss and weight maintenance.
Helps you lose weight. Fruit infused water provides a range of different nutrients, whilst at the same time, being naturally low in calories and sugar. A must for any weight loss diet - including a low carbohydrate diet!
Improves your mood. Makes you feel happier naturally.
The added nutrients flush toxins from your system faster than normal water.
It tastes better!
Provides a natural immune boost. Especially water infused with citrus fruits which contain vitamin C which has been proven to be great for immunity.
It is naturally sugar free. Fruit contains natural sugars which impart a small amount of sweetness into the water.
There are virtually unlimited combinations. Never get bored of drinking plain water again!
Helps you to follow an alkaline diet. So many fruit juices and alcohol are acidic and cause an acidic reaction within the body. Fruit infused water is the opposite and creates an alkaline reaction in the body. An alkaline system is one which is better able to resist autoimmune diseases and undesired conditions.
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Rainbow Citrus Blast
Pear & Vanilla Dream
Cardamom-Rose Ice Water
Sweet & Fruity Immunity Booster
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This collection of literature attempts to compile many of the classic, timeless works that have stood the test of time and offer them at a reduced, affordable price, in an attractive volume so that everyone can enjoy them.
This project examined the development of ambient water quality criteria (AWQC) for the protection of wildlife for mercury. Mercury is considered a serious risk to wildlife in many areas. As a result, the Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative and others have developed AWQC. These AWQC have been controversial, however, because (1) the AWQC were single values that did not account for site-specific conditions; (2) derivation of the AWQC relied on a single NOAEL, and (3) the AWQC had an unknown level of conservatism because of reliance on both average and conservative assumptions and uncertainty factors. Rather than develop a single value AWQC for total mercury, we derive an AWQC model that explicitly incorporates factors controlling bioavailability, methylation rates and bioaccumulation in the aquatic environment (e.g., pH, DOC, sulfate). To derive our AWQC model, field data was collected including numerous water quality parameters and total mercury and methylmercury concentrations in whole body fish tissue from 31 lakes in Ontario and an additional 10 lakes in Nova Scotia. An independent dataset consisting of 51 water bodies in the United States was then used to confirm the validity and robustness of the AWQC model. Next we combined the results of chronic-feeding studies with similar protocols and endpoints, in a meta-analysis to derive a dose-response curve for mink exposed to mercury in the diet. Using this approach, one can derive an LD5 or other similar endpoint that can then be used as the basis for deriving -wildlife AWQC. In the final step, we used a probabilistic risk model to estimate the concentrations of methylmercury in water that would lead to levels in fish sufficient for there to be a 10% probability of exceeding the mink LD5. This analysis was repeated for various combinations of pH and DOC. The result is an AWQC model for mercury for the protection of wildlife that can be used for a variety of site-specific conditions. This publication can also be purchased and downloaded via Pay Per View on Water Intelligence Online - click on the Pay Per View icon below
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